San Marco monastery, Florence

   Originally occupied by the Sylvestrine Order, in 1436 these monks were expelled and the San Marco Monastery was turned over to the Dominicans. In the late 1430s, Cosimo de' Medici, who favored the order, provided funding for its renovation, giving the commission to Michelozzo. The most successful room in Michelozzo's design is the library, the first built in the Renaissance. Here the architect utilized a Brunelleschian vocabulary that includes a repetition of arches and columns to establish a rhythmic pattern and corbels, elements also found in Brunelleschi's Ospedale degli Innocenti, Florence (1419— 1424). The flat roof in the central space, groin vaults for the aisles, and stuccoed walls trimmed inpietra serena are also Brunelleschian. Once completed, Cosimo donated over 400 Greek and Latin manuscripts to the library, making it into one of the most notable early public libraries of Italy. San Marco also boasts some of the most splendid frescoes of the Early Renaissance. Fra Angelico, who resided in the monastery, painted scenes in the cells and corridors between 1438 and 1445 to inspire meditation and prayer. Also financed by Cosimo, the subject of these works is believed to have been dictated by St. Antonine Pierozzi, the prior of San Marco. Among the most notable of these frescoes are the Annunciation, Coronation, Transfiguration, Mocking of Christ, Resurrection and Women at the Tomb, and Noli me tangere.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • San Marco, Florence — The façade and the bell tower of San Marco in Florence. San Marco is the name of a religious complex in Florence, Italy. It comprises a church and a convent. The convent, which is now a museum, has three claims to fame: during the 15th century it …   Wikipedia

  • Florence — • Located in the province of Tuscany (Central Italy) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Florence     Florence     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Florence — Firenze and Florentine redirect here. For other uses, see Florentin, Florentine (disambiguation), Florence (disambiguation) or Firenze (disambiguation). Florence Firenze   Comune   …   Wikipedia

  • Florence —    The history of Florence begins with the settlements of the Etruscans whose remains can still be found in the region. In 59 BCE, Julius Caesar gave the land of Florentia to his retired soldiers who, thanks to its primordial location near the… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • FLORENCE — (It. Firenze) city in Tuscany, central Italy. There is no evidence of a Jewish community in the Roman City of Florentia. Early medieval documents preserved in the Florence Archives mention names that can be Jewish. The first evidence of a Jewish… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • San Gallo — • A celebrated family of architects, sculptors, painters, and engravers, which flourished in Italy during the Renaissance period, from the middle of the fifteenth to the end of the sixteenth century. The founder of the family was Francesco… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • San Gimignano — Infobox CityIT img coa = San Gimignano Stemma.png official name = Comune di San Gimignano region = Tuscany province = Siena (SI) elevation m = 324 area total km2 = 138 population as of = December 31, 2005 population total = 7105 name=San… …   Wikipedia

  • Antonine Pierozzi, Saint — (1389 1459)    Dominican monk, appointed archbishop of Florence by Pope Eugenius IV in 1446, canonized in 1523. St. Antonine was responsible for convincing Cosimo de Medici to expel the Sylvestrine monks from the San Marco Monastery, Florence,… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Michelozzo di Bartolomeo — (1396 1472)    A follower of Filippo Brunelleschi, Michelozzo was responsible for completing the lantern that caps the dome of the Cathedral of Florence. He was the son of a tailor and began his artistic career as a sculptor. Documents indicate… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Transfiguration —    Christ took his disciples Peter, James, and John up to Mount Tabor to pray. When they arrived, Christ s face began to shine like the sun and his clothes became as white as snow. The brightness that emanated from him was meant to reveal his… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.